Education in Swaziland begins with pre-schools; education for infants, followed by primary schools (Grade 1 – Grade 7), Followed by secondary (Form 1 – Form 3) and high school education (Form 4 – Form 5 and at some schools to Form 6) for general education and - and at tertiary level Swaziland has universities and colleges and Technical collages and Vocational Training institutes.
Pre-school education is usually for children 5 year and younger.
Primary school education is 7 years at the end of which, students take the external primary school certificate exam.
Junior secondary school which is 3 years which has the Junior Certificate at its end.
The final two years end in Form 5 of High school and lead to the final school leaving exam which is the Swaziland General Certificate of Education (SGCSE) or the International General Certificate of Education (IGCSE). A few schools offer the Form 6 which ends in AS and A-levels or the International Baccalaureate. There are also some High schools that offer the South African Matric as their final school leaving certificate.
Tertiary education in Swaziland is a mix of universities, technical and vocational colleges, teacher and nursing colleges and business colleges among others. These are located in various towns and cities around the country with the biggest concentration being in the Manzini-Mbabane corridor. The University of Swaziland is the national university which is the only institution offering research level and post-graduate facilities in the country. Many students enrol in universities and colleges in neighbouring countries.
There are 830 public schools in Swaziland including primary, secondary and high schools. There also 34 recognised private schools with an additional 14 unrecognised. The biggest number of schools is in the Hhohho region.
In Swaziland early childhood care and education (ECCE) centres are in the form of preschools or neighbourhood care points (NCPs). About 22 % of the preschool going age children have access to early childhood education.
Primary education in Swaziland begins at the age of six and culminates with the Primary school Examination Certificate in grade 7 which is a locally based assessment administered by the Examinations Council through schools.
High school education system in Swaziland is a five year programme it is divided into a three years junior Certificate program (the Secondary Schools) , and two years High School. There is an external public examination (Junior Certificate) at the end of the junior secondary that learners have to pass in order to progress to the senior High School level, this exam is administered by the Examination Council of Swaziland (ECOS).
At the end of the senior High School level, learners sit for a public examination, the Swaziland General Certificate of Secondary Education (SGCSE) or the International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) which is accredited by the Cambridge International Examination (CIE). A few schools offer the Advanced Studies (AS) programme in their curriculum and A level Program and some South African Matric and others the International Baccalaureate.
The University of Swaziland found I n Kwaluseni and is the oldest Swazi University founded by an act of Parliament in 1982 The Main campus is in Kwaluseni with two more campuses in Mbabane and Luyengo.
Southern African Nazarene University situated in Manzini.
Limkokwing University of Creative Technology can be found at Sidvwashini, a suburb of the capital Mbabane it was opened in Swaziland in 2012.
Amadi University which is building it’s campus in the Ngwenya area.
Swaziland Christian University also situated in Mbabane, are the institutions that offer university education in the Kingdom it is Swaziland's newest university having been established in 2012 with focus on medical education.
There are some teaching and nursing assistant colleges around the country.
Ngwane Teacher's College and William Pitcher College are the country's teaching colleges.
The Good Shepherd Hospital in Siteki is home to the College for Nursing Assistants.
The main centre for technical training in Swaziland is the Swaziland College of Technology which is slated to become a full university. It aim to provide and facilitating high quality training and learning in technology and business studies in collaboration with the Commercial, Industrial and Public Sectors.
Vocational institutions are the Gwamile Vocational and Commercial Training Institute located in Matsapha and the Manzini Industrial and Training Centre (MITC) in Manzini. And the Nhlangano Agricultural Skills Training Centre and Siteki Industrial Training Centre.
In addition to these institutions, Swaziland also has the Swaziland Institute of Management and Public Administration (SIMPA) and Institute of Development Management (IDM). SIMPA is a government owned management and development institute and IDM is a regional organisation in Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland that provides training, consultancy, and research in management. The Mananga management centre was established as Mananga Agricultural Management Centre in 1972 as an International Management Development Centre catering for middle and senior managers, it is located at Ezulwini.
Adult and non-formal education centres are Sebenta National Institute for adult basic literacy and Emlalatini Development Centre which provides alternative educational opportunities for school children and young adults who have not been able to complete their schooling.
The Swaziland National Library Service is the national library department under the Ministry of Information, Communications and Technology. ]It is headquartered at the public library in Mbabane. Branches of the national library are located in the main cities and towns around the country. The Swaziland National Library Service operates public community libraries throughout Swaziland and establishes school libraries in partnership with Fundza, a non-governmental organization and the African Library Project. HRH Princess Sikhanyiso is patron of the Swaziland National Library Services.
The Imbali Foundation is working on sourcing scholarships from various local and international organisations.